In the modern world, we have become conscious of the way we have been polluting the environment for centuries. Several industries continue to hamper the natural ecosystem of the places where they operate. But we have started to move towards a “greener approach” in everything that we do. A greener approach means that our methods of operation strive towards sustaining the environment. This is being adopted in chemistry as well and the branch of chemistry that focuses on looking for improvements and implements to control the production of waste and life-deterring chemicals is green chemistry.
What is green chemistry?
Green chemistry is a special subsidiary of chemistry in which the chemists aim to find methods for synthesis, purification, isolation and storage of chemicals in such a way that the damage that these processes cause to the natural world can be prevented. There is another way to protect the environment and that is by the preservation of natural resources that are abound. Although some of these are renewable and thus can be in abundance for eternity, the non-renewable sources of energy are available to us in limited amounts only. Green chemistry also deals with finding methods and implementing practices so that all the processes that industries perform become more energy efficient and do not put undue load on the limited natural energy resources.
Solvents can be green too
In chemistry, most of the synthesis reactions require some solvents in which the solute reacting substance are dissolved or partially dissolved and the reaction is carried out. The solvent systems are important because they serve a number of purposes and help in accelerating the rate of the reaction. And most of these synthesis reactions use solvents which are toxic in nature and pose great harm to the environment when they are disposed after they have been used. However, recently the chemists have been trying to improve their synthesis route by using solvents which are made from substances which can be easily assimilated by the natural environment. These solvents are referred to as green solvents.
Green chemistry in your laboratory
Principles of green chemistry are being adopted by chemists and instructors all over the world. More and more people are keen on discovering ways to perform reactions such that neither do we impose a burden on our natural surroundings nor exert pressure on our non-renewable energy sources. Even in laboratories in educational institutions and elsewhere, the followers of green chemistry are doing their everyday synthesis by following the rules of green chemistry. There are certain reactions called on water reactions which have been found by chemists along with a unique stipulation.
On water reactions
In green chemistry, on water reactions are a group of reactions which have been found to have their rate of reaction increased when performed in conjugation with water. As compared to other synthesis routes which involve traditional chemicals, these rates of reaction are far better. Several researchers are engaged in finding more and more uses of on water reactions and in studying this peculiar phenomenon that accompanies these reactions.